In many cases, domestic violence is viewed as physical assaults that result in visible injuries. There are several other types of abuse that women may be exposed to that may have devastating consequences to the victim.
Physical abuse may be lethal with greater risk, but the long term destruction of personhood as a result of other types of abuse cannot be overlooked. This article explores different types of abuse that may constitute domestic violence against women.
Physical abuse refers to any physically aggressive behavior that may result in injuries, withholding physical needs, and indirect physically harmful behavior. Physically aggressive behavior includes kicking, hitting, slapping, biting, pushing, pulling, shaking, choking, punching, beating, pulling hair, scratching, stabbing, shooting, burning, and threatening with a weapon.
Withholding physical needs include denying money and food, interrupting meals and sleep, locking someone out or into the house, and denying help to a sick or injured person. San Diego Criminal Defense & DUI Attorney Vik Monder of The Monder Law Group states that when a victim is assaulted through violent crimes, they may be sentenced upon a conviction.
Sexual abuse pertains to using sex to exploit a person or forcing sex on that person. Previous consent to sex does not necessarily indicate current consent.
Sexual abuse may be physical or verbal and may include using force, coercion, or manipulation or failing to consider the victim’s sexual desire. It may also include forcing the victim into unwanted sexual experiences or unwarranted prostitution.
Other forms of sexual abuse against women include exploiting a person who is unable to decide about sexual involvement. Such incidence may occur when the victim is too young, too old, disabled, intoxicated, drugged, or asleep.
Abusers may tend to assume dominance against the victim while maintaining that they are justified to do so. This kind of abuse is often insidious, pervasive, and sometimes difficult to ascertain. It may include monitoring mobile phone conversations and denying the victim freedom to make or receive calls.
Control also includes denying the victim freedom to choose their dress code. The victim may be forced to dress seductively or conservatively, in which case they may be uncomfortable. It may also include unexpected home visits or calls to check the whereabouts of the victim. This may start as a loving gesture but later turn to be a sign of jealousy or possessiveness.
This form of abuse is connected to control and is an outcome of abusive behaviors. The abuser denies the victim freedom to do what they desire to do or see who they want to see. The abuser may control the victim’s feelings and thoughts hence isolating them from the others, may it be friends or family members.
By socially isolating the victim, the abuser denies them access to the world. Isolation may be viewed as an expression of love at the initial stages but later turns to be a form of abuse that may make the victim feel lonely with no resources that can change their lives.
Economic abuse is a way of controlling a person through economic resource manipulation. This may include controlling income and denying the victim access to family income or limiting the amount of money for upkeep. It may also include maintaining secret assets and bank accounts and ensuring that the victim does not have a say regarding how money is being spent.
This form of abuse may also take the form of making the victim lose a job or specific allowances or preventing them from taking up job offers. The abuser can influence the victim’s work performance by making them get to their workplace late or harass them when working.